Scientists unlock potential to grow ‘diet’ fruit
The study is the culmination of seven years of research by Professor Yong-Ling Ruan from the University of Newcastle in Australia in collaboration Northwest A&F University.Professor Ruan said the research pinpointed the indicators that governed how much sugar is transported to the vacuole or ‘storage warehouse’ of a plant cell.
“This discovery provides new tools and directions for improving plant growth, defence and sugar levels using gene technology,” Professor Ruan said. “It opens the door to increase or reduce the amount of sugars in plants, helping farmers to increase the quality and yield of fresh products such as fruits and sugar cane or produce low-sugar, high sweetness fruit for a diabetic patient.”
The science behind sugar transport in plants
At the cellular level in plants, sugars are delivered to the cytoplasm – a thick solution that fills each cell. The remaining sugar is then offloaded in the vacuole of the cell.