New Tool for Determining Heart Attack Developed
Nutritional screening was found to be a potential tool for determining heart attack and angina prognosis, said researchers published today in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.
“Screening for malnutrition scores may be an easy way to determine which ACS patients are at high risk of adverse outcomes and has the added benefit of being a very simple calculation, as many of the variables are taken through routine testing in the emergency setting,” said Sergio Raposeiras Roubín, MD, PhD, a clinical cardiologist at University Hospital Álvaro Cunqueiro and researcher at the Centro Nacional de Investigaciones Cardiovasculares in Spain.
In this retrospective study, researchers used the Registry of Acute Coronary Syndrome from University Hospital of Vigo to identify 6,023 patients with ACS admitted between January 2010 and September 2017. ACS is an umbrella term for medical conditions impacting blood flow to the heart muscle, including heart attacks–both non ST-segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction (NSTEMI) and ST-segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction (STEMI)–and unstable angina or chest pain.
Patients with incomplete data for admissions or follow-up and patients diagnosed with leukemia or lymphoma were excluded. The final study cohort included 5,062 patients who were 74.5% men, all white race and had a median age of 66.2 years. Among the enrolled patients 10.6% had unstable angina, 49% had NSTEMI and 40.4% had STEMI.