How to live longer: Best diet to protect against disease and boost life expectancy
HOW TO live longer: Long life expectancy can largely be attributed to the food people eat, research has discovered over time. So which diet is considered best? A number of studies give case to a particular diet being most effective.
Long life expectancy can be achieved through eating the right foods, experts have found. It’s recommended people eat at least five portions of a variety of fruit and vegetables every day, base meals on higher fibre starchy foods like potatoes and rice, have some dairy or dairy alternatives, eat some protein, choose unsaturated oils and spreads and eat then in small amounts, and to drink plenty of fluids.
Vegan diets are becoming increasingly popular and have been found to have a positive impact on many parts of a person’s health.
The diet eliminates meat and animal products, replacing these with whole grains, fruits, vegetables, beans, peas, nuts and seeds.
And among its benefits a vegan diet has been found to lower blood sugar levels and improve kidney function – high blood sugar levels can increase the risk of life-threatening health problems.
In one study, 43 percent of participants following a vegan diet were able tor educe their dosage of blood-sugar-lowering medication, compared to only 26 percent in the group that followed an American Diabetes Association recommended diet.
A vegan diet may also protect against certain cancers.
For example, eating legumes regularly may reduce the risk of colorectal cancer by about 9 to 18 percent.
Research also suggests eating at least seven portions of fresh fruits and vegetables per day may lower the risk of dying from cancer by up to 15 percent.